Camellia sinensis is the species of plant whose leaves and leaf buds are used to produce the popular beverage “Tea”. Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the tea plant. Tea has long been promoted for having a variety of positive health benefits. India produces and consumes more tea than any other country in the world, except for China.
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Darjeeling tea is often referred to as "Champagne of teas". Darjeeling is a region is located on the foot hills of the Himalaya. The Soil, Landscape, Climate, Altitude, Rainfall of the region all aid in the production of the world famous blend. The aroma and taste of Darjeeling orthodox tea is unparalleled in the world. They cast a spell distinct to themselves.
It is available in black, green, white and oolong. When properly brewed, it yields a thin-bodied, light-colored infusion with a floral aroma. The flavor can include a tinge of astringent tannic characteristics, and a musky spiciness. Darjeeling teas are marketed commercially as "black teas", almost all of them have incomplete oxidation (<90%), so they are technically more oolong than black.
Unlike most Indian teas, Darjeeling tea is normally made from the small-leaved Chinese variety of Camellia sinensis var. sinensis, rather than the large-leaved Assam plant. Traditionally, Darjeeling tea is made as black tea.
Assam tea is a black tea named after the region of its production, Assam, in India. Assam tea is manufactured specifically from the plant Camellia sinensis var. assamica . The state of Assam is the world's largest tea-growing region. This tea, most of which is grown at or near sea level, is known for its body, briskness, malty flavor, and strong, bright color. Assam teas, or blends containing Assam, are often sold as "breakfast" teas. For instance, traditionally Irish breakfast tea, a maltier and stronger breakfast tea, consists of small-sized Assam tea leaves.
Green tea is made from the leaves from Camellia sinensis that have undergone minimal oxidation during processing. Green tea originated in China. Green tea has recently become relatively widespread in the West, where black tea has been the traditionally consumed tea. Green tea has become the raw material for extracts used in various beverages, health foods, dietary supplements, and cosmetic items.
Grading System of Orthodox Tea a) Whole leaf tea:
Whole leaf tea refers to tea that has not been broken or torn during production. The size and shape of the leaf varies widely, both as a function both of the types of leaves used, and how it is processed.
- FTGFOP1 - Fine Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe ‘Grade 1’
- FTGFOP - Fine Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe
- TGFOP - Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe
- TGFOP1 - Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe Grade One
- GFOP - Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe
- FOP - Flowery Orange Pekoe
- OP - Orange Pekoe
- OPA - Orange Pekoe A, A long-leaf tea with large, thick leaves that can be either tightly-wound or more open.
- FP - Flowery Pekoe
- P - Pekoe
- S – Souchong
b) Broken-leaf tea:
Broken-leaf tea is tea that has been torn or broken, but is still in large enough pieces to be recognizable as pieces of leaf.
- BOP1 - Broken Orange Pekoe One
- GFBOP - Golden Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe
- TGFBOP - Tippy Golden Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe
- TGFBOP1 - Tippy Golden Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe Grade One
- BS - Broken Souchong
- BPS - Broken Pekoe Souchong
- GBOP - Golden Broken Orange Pekoe
- FBOP - Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe
- BOP - Broken Orange Pekoe
Fannings are finely-broken pieces of tea leaf that still have a recognizable coarse texture; they are the grade of tea used in most tea bags.
- GOF - Golden Orange Fannings
- FOF - Flowery Orange Fannings
- BOPF - Broken Orange Pekoe Fannings
- FBOPF - Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe Fannings
Dust is a fine powder, much finer than Fannings, made of tea particles left over from producing higher grades of tea. Tea made by pulverizing larger pieces of leaf or the tea plant, such as Matcha, is not classified as dust.